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World Alzheimer's Day: What's normal and what isn't, other symptoms and prevention tips
September 21 is observed as World Alzheimer's Day with an aim to raise awareness about the most common cause of dementia - with AD being its most common form. Misplacing things from time to time like keys, remote is normal but placing them in unusual places and losing them repeatedly is not normal. Not remembering what day it is, is normal but losing track of dates, seasons and the passage of time is not normal.
Cambodia to Vietnam: Superbug's spread threatens malaria control
Vietnam's main malaria treatment is failing at an alarming rate because of a highly drug-resistant superbug that has spread into the southern part of the country from western Cambodia, scientists said Thursday. In their letter published in the Lancet Infectious Diseases journal, the scientists said the spread of the superbug across the enter Mekong sub-region is a serious threat to malaria control and eradication efforts.
Alzheimer's, a risk on rise for elderly
When World Alzheimer's Day is observed on Thursday, the increasing rate of Alzheimer's and dementia among people aged more than 65 is a major concern for Kerala. At present, there are about 1.9 lakh patients with Alzheimer's in Kerala and with an aging population the number is going to increase rapidly. According to psychologists, the emotional trauma caused by the patients' unmanageable behaviour and delusions, cause serious psychiatric problems to the caregivers. Nearly 70 percent of risk of Alzheimer's disease is genetic.
Alzheimer's: Targeting ApoE gene may 'stop the disease'
New research suggests that reducing the expression of the ApoE gene may stop the brain damage associated with Alzheimer's disease. The team - led by Dr Holtzman - investigated the effect of the ApoE4 gene variant in the development of Alzheimer's disease. Studies have shown that ApoE e4 (ApoE4) puts carriers at a dramatic risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. While it is known that ApoE4 is somehow crucial in Alzheimer's disease, the mechanism whereby this gene contributes to disease formation remains unclear.
Drug resistance: WHO report 'serious lack of new antibiotics'
Despite this need, the report reveals that there are very few antibiotics in development that could effectively combat drug resistance. Drug resistance, or antimicrobial resistance, arises when pathogens evolve to evade the harms of antimicrobial therapeutics, such as antibiotics. The report revealed that 51 new classes of medications - including 33 antibiotics - are in the pipeline for the treatment of priority drug-resistant pathogens.
Does CBD oil work for chronic pain management?
Some people experience side effects when taking cannabidiol (CBD) oil and there are other things to consider before using CBD oil for pain. In this article, we look at how CBD oil works and how it can be used to relieve chronic pain. CBD oil is not recommended for use in children, as there is little research on the effects of CBD oil on a child's developing brain.
Lupus risk almost three times higher after trauma
Researchers have linked psychosocial trauma with a higher risk of lupus. A new study expands on the physical health risks associated with post-traumatic stress disorder, after finding that the condition may raise the risk of lupus by almost threefold. What is more, researchers found that exposure to any traumatic event - even in the absence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - may increase lupus risk.
Brain dead woman revived after complex bypass surgery
Doctors at a private hospital in New Delhi revived a brain-dead woman after conducting a bypass surgery. The woman, Saraswati Devi was nearly brain dead with no oxygen supply to the brain and zero blood pressure level. Medically a person is declared brain dead if the oxygen has not reached the brain for four minutes. In this case, oxygen did not reach the brain for 10 minutes, said SN Khanna, Associate Director at the hospital.
Boosting cancer-killing cells through oxygen starvation
CTLs directly kill damaged cells, cancer cells, and cells infected with viruses and other pathogens. For example, it appears that tumor areas with low oxygen attract other cells, such as M2-like tumor-associated macrophages and regulatory T cells, that can disrupt the function of killer T cells. Previous studies have shown that growing killer T cells under conditions of low oxygen enhances their ability to kill other cells in the laboratory.
Discoid lupus: Symptoms, causes, and treatment
In this article, we look at the symptoms of discoid lupus, along with its causes and risk factors. Cutaneous lupus erythematosus, or CLE, refers to forms of lupus that affect the skin, causing rashes and sores. Like all forms of lupus, discoid lupus does not have one clear cause. Lupus can be difficult to diagnose, and discoid lupus will usually get worse without treatment. Like other forms of lupus, discoid lupus is a disease that often flares, with the condition worsening for periods of time.
Vermilion may contain unsafe lead levels, says study
Vermilion or sindoor, a powder widely used in Hindu religious ceremonies, may contain unsafe levels of lead which is associated with lower IQ and growth delays in children, a study of samples from India and the US has found. That's why we believe sindoor powder shouldn't be sold or brought into the US unless it is lead free, said Derek Shendell, associate professor at Rudgers. Sindoor and Kajal are well known to contain lead and other heavy metals with risk of kidney, hepatic, skin disorders.
Alnylam’s patisiran hits all endpoints in critical phase 3
A phase 3 trial of Alnylam's patisiran has hit all of its primary and secondary endpoints. Two-thirds of participants received 0.3 mg/kg of patisiran intravenously once every three weeks for 18 months. The divergence between patisiran and placebo was similarly pronounced against a key secondary endpoint that assessed the quality of life. Patisiran also emerged from the phase 3 with an acceptable safety profile.
Shockwave's ultrasound PAD balloon shows promise in new patient group
Shockwave Medical reported results from a 20-patient study showing its ultrasound balloon for the treatment of peripheral artery disease was effective in patients with arterial blockage below the knee. The company's Peripheral Lithoplasty System combines traditional balloon angioplasty with lithotripsy, the use of ultrasound waves generally used to break up kidney stones. It works by delivering ultrasound shockwaves to break up calcified plaques in the arteries, while the balloon restores blood flow.
Women more likely to conceive after miscarriage: Study
A new study offers hope for women who have suffered a miscarriage. Miscarriage can be a devastating experience for any couple, but especially for those who have already struggled with infertility, study author Natalie Cameron told the Daily Mail. The study, conducted by researchers at the Aberdeen University found that women who miscarried in their first round of IVF had a 39% higher chance of conceiving.
Nephroptosis: Causes, diagnosis, and treatment
Nephroptosis is a rare condition where a person's kidney drops down into the pelvis when they stand up. The condition has a long history of controversy that surrounds its diagnosis and treatment. People with nephroptosis have kidneys that move downward out of their normal position when they stand up. Due to the variety of symptoms linked to nephroptosis, doctors began to disregard it as a real disease.
Alzheimer's disease looms as elderly population in India rises: Report
As the Indian population ages fast, the burden of Alzheimers disease will continue to increase and put additional pressure on the limited resources available to tackle the situation, a report said. According to the India Ageing Report 2017, the elderly population growing at a faster rate of three per cent may up the burden of Alzheimer's in India, as the disease primarily occurs in patients over the age of 65.
Cranberries can help keep urinary tract infections at bay: study
Consuming cranberry products may be a low risk, cheap and effective way to prevent recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), a study claims. The study, published in The Journal of Urology, suggests that doctors may recommend cranberry products as first line of defence against the disease. The medicinal properties of cranberries may be attributed to their unique polyphenol, proanthocyanidins (PACs), researchers said.
Study questions safety of sindoor for babies, says it can be harmful
Indian cultures and traditions have used sindoor or vermilion - a red coloured powder - since time immemorial. Be it weddings, festivals or religious rituals - sindoor is always a part of occasions. A study conducted by a team of researchers have negated the safety of the product after examining samples from US and India, saying that has unsafe levels of lead. That's why we believe sindoor powder shouldn't be sold or brought into the United States unless it is lead free, Shendell said.
Research finds link between HIV and educational status
In a new research, a group of researchers has investigated how educational status relates to HIV risk in this population. Transactional sex is an HIV risk behavior directly linked to the informal economic sector, sometimes termed the street economy. It is plausible that in undereducated neighborhoods, more residents participate in informal or street economies, as the more formal sectors of employment are inaccessible without a high school diploma.
This eight-year-old girl from Florida has heart outside her body
Eight-year-old Virsaviya Borun from Florida suffers from a rare condition which causes her heart to push out of her chest and beat outside her body. Has also left the girl with intestines outside her body. The little girl has defied all odds to survive although doctors told her mother that she would die. The girl who is originally from Russia, moved to Florida with her mother after several hospitals around the world refused to operate on her because of the risks involved in the surgery.

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