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Canada recommends against testing everyone for hepatitis C
The Task Force says just focusing on screening people with symptoms and signs of hepatitis C would find 91 cases among every 100,000 Canadians. The USPSTF also recommends one-time hepatitis C screening for anyone born between 1945 and 1965. It says these individuals are at higher risk for hepatitis C, possibly due to blood transfusions and other exposures long ago. The Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care writes that between 220,000 and 245,000 people in the country have a chronic hepatitis C infection.
Express Scripts says Anthem unlikely to renew contract after 2019
Express Scripts Holding Co, the largest pharmacy benefit manager in the United States, said health insurer Anthem Inc was unlikely to renew its contract with the company. It is difficult for us to understand why Anthem has not recognized the potential value which could be brought forth by engaging in meaningful discussions, Express Scripts Chief Executive Tim Wentworth said.
Diet and gut bacteria linked with blood clots
Consuming too much choline, a nutrient sold in over-the-counter dietary supplements, can boost the risk for blood clots, researchers warn. That's because bacteria in the intestines interact with choline to produce a compound that encourages platelets to clump together and form clots. Also, in studies in animals, they linked higher levels of TMAO to a higher risk for blood clots. After taking the supplements for up to two months, participants had more than 10-fold increases in blood levels of TMAO.
Poorest preschoolers most vulnerable to fatal child abuse
Children in America's poorest communities have three times the risk of dying from child abuse before age 5 as children in the wealthiest neighborhoods, a new study finds. Nearly 10 out of every 100,000 children died as a result of child abuse in the most impoverished counties, the study found. The fatality rate for African-American children in the richest counties was higher than the fatality rate for white children in the poorest.
Common Nursery Products Send Thousands of Children to Hospitals
The rate of injuries decreased from 1991 to 2003, mainly because there were fewer baby walker- or jumper-related mishaps. In 2003, the rate began to rise, and by 2011 the number of injuries had increased by 23.5 percent. Cribs and mattresses were a factor in 18.6 percent of injuries, strollers or carriages in 16.5 percent, and high chairs in 12.6 percent. Sign Up Receive occasional updates and special offers for The New York Times's products and services.
Sugary Drinks Tied to Accelerated Brain Aging
Drinking sugary beverages is associated with markers of accelerated aging and early signs of Alzheimer's disease, a new study reports. Researchers used data on more than 4,000 people over 30, examining their brains with MRI and measuring memory with psychological tests. Sugary beverage intake is an indirect measure of how much sugar we get in our diets, which is difficult to measure precisely. Brain shrinkage is tied to an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease.
Video Games Help Model Brain's Neurons
That is far more than professional neuron analysts at places like the Allen Institute can ever hope to handle. If we create a corpus of thousands of these neurons, the chances are the computational methods will become better, Dr Popovic said. There are public efforts to count bird populations to help scientists understand the effects of climate change. Since then, similar games have found followings, like EyeWire, which uses players to map retinal neurons to help unlock the mysteries of vision.
Heart Attack Survivors Often Fail to Take Statins
The study, in JAMA Cardiology, analyzed data on 29,932 Medicare patients ages 66 to 75 who had been hospitalized for a heart attack from 2007 through 2012 and had filled a prescription for either Lipitor or Crestor. At six months after their discharge from the hospital, 58.9 percent of them were still taking the medicine with high adherence rates. The senior author, Dr Robert S Rosenson, a professor of medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mt.
Lilly reports positive interim data on breast cancer combo drug
Eli Lilly and Co said the combination of its experimental breast cancer drug and a commonly used treatment met the main goal of a late-stage study in an interim analysis, setting the stage for a regulatory submission later this year. Shares of Indianapolis-based Lilly, which is scheduled to report its first-quarter results on Tuesday, were up 1.3 percent at $82.95 on Monday. The study, named Monarch-3, compared combined use of abemaciclib and an aromatase inhibitor with the aromatase inhibitor alone.
Childhood death of sibling might affect survivor's lifespan
Death of a sibling in childhood is associated with a greater risk of early death in the surviving brother or sister, researchers say. As many as 8 percent of Americans experience the death of a brother or sister in childhood. Loss of a sibling in adulthood has been linked with death of the surviving sibling, but little is known about the association of sibling death in childhood with the subsequent risk of death in the bereaved siblings.
Profit profile helps Lilly shares rebound from Alzheimer's setback
Shares of Eli Lilly & Co have staged a dramatic rebound following massive disappointment for its experimental Alzheimer's medicine late last year, outperforming rivals as investors warm to the drugmaker's profit outlook. Lilly shares had tumbled 10.5 percent on Nov 23 when the drugmaker released highly anticipated data for the Alzheimer's medicine, solanezumab. Since then, Lilly shares have soared 22 percent, even including a recent regulatory setback to a rheumatoid arthritis drug.
Sanofi files U.S. antitrust lawsuit against Mylan over EpiPen
Sanofi SA on Monday sued Mylan NV, accusing the pharmaceutical company of engaging in illegal conduct to squelch competition to its EpiPen allergy treatment, which has been at the center of a public debate over drug prices. In a lawsuit filed in federal court in Trenton, New Jersey, Sanofi said that Mylan's conduct has resulted in the company losing hundreds of millions of dollars in sales for a rival product, Auvi-Q.
Fatal Malaria in the U.S. More Common Than Previously Known
Serious and fatal bouts of malaria in the United States are a greater problem than has been previously reported, according to a new study. Pregnancy lowers immune defenses, malaria can be lethal to both mother and fetus. Although world malaria deaths have dropped about 60 percent since 2000, the disease kills about 429,000 people each year. Countries of origin were not recorded, but CDC records suggest that many travelers to India get malaria while on family visits, Dr Khuu said.
Fending Off Math Anxiety
Poor performance in math does lead to math anxiety, but there are also studies that point in the other direction; if you have math anxiety it disrupts your concentration. Among high-performing students, she said, math anxiety takes a bigger bite out of their performance. A couple of years ago, Dr Beilock and her colleagues published an article showing that parental math anxiety could be transmitted to children.
China to ramp up crack-down on 'gutter oil'
China will intensify a crack down on the use of recycled gutter oil, strengthening controls on oil origins and monitoring processing, according to a document released by the State Council on Monday. China has cracked down on food safety in recent years after a series of scandals, including the use of recycled gutter oil - cooking oil that has been recycled from sources such as restaurant waste and discarded animal byproducts. The illicit production and sale of gutter oil has continued, the document said.
Iran reports H5N1 bird flu outbreak in northern part of country: OIE
Iran has reported an outbreak of the highly contagious H5N1 bird flu virus in backyard ducks in the northern part of the country, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Monday, citing a report from the Iranian agriculture ministry. The outbreaks killed 10 birds out of a total of nearly 230 in a house in Mahmoodabad on the coast of the Caspian Sea, the OIE said in a report posted on its website.
NASH: The next untapped pharma market gives investors many options
We believe that even though we're a bit behind, we still might come out with the best-in-class molecules, Birnbaum said. Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMY.N) also confirmed it is looking for additional assets to enhance its internally-developed NASH drugs. It presented promising data for its lead NASH candidate at the big European liver meeting in Amsterdam that ended on Sunday. We anticipate that there will be more transactions, more licensing deals from big pharma involving emerging biotechnology companies, he said.
After Knee or Hip Replacement, No Place Like Home
Ultimately, many, if not most, patients with painful bone-on-bone arthritis opt for a joint replacement. Another study, by Dr Parvizi's team, involved 769 patients who underwent either a knee or hip replacement for advanced arthritis. Even more strikingly, patients were generally happy and content being in the comfort of their own home during recovery. If patients are told they will be going home, they can make preparations beforehand for needed support, he said.
India to expand access to J&J's TB drug this year
India's top tuberculosis fighter said the government will expand access to Johnson & Johnson's breakthrough TB drug this year, but health experts warn much more needs to be done to eliminate the superbug by 2025. Compared to what they need to do if they are serious about eliminating TB in eight short years, they have barely scratched the surface. That is way short of India's requirements with nearly 2.8 million new TB cases a year, and 80,000 patients with multi-drug resistant (MDR) TB.
Spend a Dollar on Drug Treatment, and Save More on Crime Reduction
When the criminally active get help for this, the economic value of crime reduction largely or totally offsets the costs of treatment, he added. For a dollar spent on treatment, up to three are saved in crime reduction. An earlier study found that interventions to address substance use disorders save more in reduced crime than they save in reduced health care spending. Findings such as these justify drug courts, which divert drug offenders from the traditional criminal justice system into treatment.

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