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Lewis Rowland, Leading Neurologist on Nerve and Muscle Diseases, Dies at 91
Dr Rowland led research teams that delineated a number of uncommon diseases that had been poorly understood. He really made it a multidisciplinary clinic where people would get seen by nutritionists, physical therapists and respiratory therapists. Dr Rowland founded a center at Columbia for research and treatment of ALS and helped to found a center for muscular dystrophy. Dr Mayeux described him as a wonderful, innovative mentor, with many trainees who went on to lead neurology departments themselves.
Foam soap may not measure up to liquid soap
Foam soaps may not be as effective as liquid soaps in eliminating bacteria that can lead to infection, the authors say. Equils and colleagues tested two common brands of foam and liquid detergent-based soaps that are available in neighborhood grocery stores. With liquid soap, the colony count went from 3.8 to 1.2 - a statistically significant drop, according to a report in the American Journal of Infection Control.
Facial injuries are common in U.S. nursing home residents
To estimate the number and causes of face injuries in elderly nursing home residents, the research team analyzed nationwide data from emergency departments. Between 2011 and 2015, they found that 109,795 people over age 60 and living in nursing homes required emergency room care for face injuries. The most common wounds were deep cuts or skin tears, which made up over 44 percent of all injuries.
With Age Comes a Mouthful of Trouble
About 20 percent of Americans over age 65 have untreated cavities, the National Center for Health Statistics has reported, with cavities much more prevalent among blacks, Hispanics and Asians. Among those over age 75, a quarter have lost all their teeth. Better hygiene and fluoridation means more older people have more teeth to preserve, over lengthened life spans, than in the past. The retired hairdresser has had extractions, fillings and deep cleanings to reduce gum infection; the next step is a crown.
'Healthy' obese still face higher heart disease risk
Even without high blood pressure or other signs of illness, obese adults have a much higher risk of developing heart disease than normal-weight peers, according to a study from Denmark. The results contradict recent research suggesting a subgroup of obese individuals known as metabolically healthy obese may not face an increased risk for obesity-related complications such as heart or kidney disease, researchers write in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
FDA approves Pfizer, German Merck immunotherapy for skin cancer
US health regulators on Thursday approved a drug developed by Merck KGaA and Pfizer Inc that helps the immune system to fight a rare form of skin cancer once it has spread to other parts of the body. The Food and Drug Administration said it approved Bavencio, known chemically as avelumab, to treat metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) in patients 12 years and older.
Two thirds of cancers caused by random genetic mistakes: U.S. study
They follow a controversial 2015 study published in Science by the same researchers at Johns Hopkins that looked just at cancers in the United States. That study, by Vogelstein and mathematician Cristian Tomasetti, asserted that random DNA mistakes accounted for a lot more of the risk of developing cancer than previously thought. The finding caused an outcry from cancer experts, who have traditionally held that most cancers were caused by preventable lifestyle and environmental factors or inherited genetic defects.
Palliative care linked to fewer repeat hospitalizations
Comfort care for advanced cancer patients is associated with fewer repeat hospitalizations and more hospice referrals, according to a study highlighting how this approach may offer chronically sick or terminally ill people a better quality of life. The study team tested what happened to these patients before and after the start of a new palliative care consultation program in the hospital. Palliative care aims to improve quality of life for seriously ill patients by relieving their symptoms and easing their stress.
Austria eases poultry restrictions as bird flu threat fades
Austrian poultry will be allowed outdoors as of Saturday as the threat from bird flu is fading, the country's health ministry said, lifting a restriction put in place more than two months ago. Austria said in January that it was ordering all poultry be kept indoors after the highly pathogenic H5N8 virus was found in dead wild birds near its borders with Germany and Switzerland, and other cases were reported in the region.
Israel looks to leverage tech in $50 billion medical marijuana market
In the United States, for example, they use recreational marijuana for medical use - that's like making chicken soup when you have a cold, Landschaft told Reuters. In contrast to the United States, which is currently the biggest legal marijuana market, authorities in Israel are liberal in their support of research and development. The biggest marijuana market for now is the United States, with estimates that it will surpass $20 billion by 2020.
Uncertain fate of Obamacare causes some hospitals to halt projects, hiring
The Affordable Care Act, commonly known as Obamacare, provided coverage to 20 million Americans and brought higher revenues to many hospitals. Some healthcare groups in areas with growing populations, such as Atlanta and Houston, are pushing ahead with capital expansion projects. While municipal analysts say it's too early to draw conclusions, the uncertainty surrounding Obamacare is a likely cause for the decline. Almost immediately after Obamacare went into effect, rates of uninsured dropped and Medicaid coverage jumped to over half of all patients.
Crunch week looms for Sanofi, Roche and GSK at U.S. drugs agency
Three of Europe's top drugmakers face critical verdicts from US regulators next week, with Sanofi and Roche likely to win approvals for two new products, while GlaxoSmithKline braces for a potential generic rival. Given earlier impressive clinical trial results, investors expect the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to clear both Roche's multiple sclerosis (MS) treatment Ocrevus and Sanofi's new eczema drug Dupixent. The remarkable success of Ocrevus against two types of MS, meanwhile, will help Roche diversify beyond cancer.
The Elephant in the Room Is 86
Other than marriage and fatherhood, nothing shaped my character more than my three years in the Army. Like most of us, those who do the hiring have read about the grievous injuries suffered by some combat veterans. Combat veterans tell me job interviewers have asked them how emotionally damaged they are, or how many people they've killed. A former Army Ranger was asked if he would use his martial arts training in a dispute with a co-worker.
The Best Exercise for Aging Muscles
The toll that aging takes on a body extends all the way down to the cellular level. Exercise is good for people, as everyone knows. Scientists have surprisingly little understanding of its cellular impacts and how those might vary by activity and the age of the exerciser.
Scientists use graphene to power 'electronic skin' that can feel
Scientists have found a way to power an experimental kind of electronic skin using solar energy in a further step towards the development of prosthetic limbs or robots with a sense of touch. Teams around the world are working to develop flexible versions of synthetic skin that can feel by mimicking the different kinds of sensory receptors found in human skin.
'Heads Up' Football Program Tackles Concussion Danger in Kids
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Gunshot Wounds Cost U.S. Hospitals Nearly $7 Billion Over 9 Years
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Autism Greatly Boosts Kids' Injury Risk, Especially for Drowning
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Rise of superbug tuberculosis hampers global control efforts
TB kills more people each year than any other infectious disease, including HIV and AIDS. In 2015 alone, it is estimated to have killed 1.8 million people, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Extensive overuse of antibiotics worldwide has led to a rise in drug-resistant superbug strains. Some 1 in 5 cases of TB are now resistant to at least one major anti-TB drug, the researchers found.
GSK and Regeneron to mine gene data from 500,000 Britons
By analyzing genetic variations and health in 500,000 middle-aged and older Britons, the partners said on Thursday they hoped to identify promising leads for new medicines. Completing a gene sweep for all 500,000 participants is expected to take three to five years. GSK and Regeneron will get nine months exclusivity to pore over the initial trawl of data before the information is made openly available to other scientists.

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