NASA Langley Research Center turned 100 years old on Monday, July 17, 2017. Founded just three months after America's entry into World War I, Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory was set up as the nation's first civilian facility focused on aeronautical research. The goal was, simply, to solve the fundamental problems of flight. Soon, Langley became a training site for astronauts who would circle the Earth and walk on the Moon. It was also a testing site for the shuttles that would get them there.