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DNA gets away: Scientists catch the rogue molecule that can trigger autoimmunity: A research team has discovered the process -- and filmed the actual moment -- that can change the body's response to a
A research team has discovered the process - and filmed the actual moment - that can change the body's response to a dying cell. Importantly, what they call the 'Great Escape' moment may one day prove to be the crucial trigger for autoimmune diseases like arthritis. The research team, led by Professor Benjamin Kile from Monash University's Biomedicine Discovery Institute (BDI), has discovered - and filmed - the exact moment when DNA escapes out of the mitochondria during cell death.
Sweet, bitter, fat: Genetics play a role in kids' snacking patterns: Researcher discovered how genetic variants in taste receptors related to sweet preference, fat taste sensitivity and aversion to bi
Researcher Elie Chamoun investigated whether genetic variants in taste receptors related to sweet preference, fat taste sensitivity and aversion to bitter green leafy vegetables influence the snacks chosen by preschoolers. This new research could help parents understand how their kids taste, and tailor their diet for better nutritional choices. Chamoun discovered that kids with a sweet tooth, who have the gene related to sweet taste preference, ate snacks with significantly more calories from sugar.
Doctors warn of dry eye syndrome, ahead of summer season
Air-conditioners and coolers can lead to eye related problems such as irritation, burning sensation, sore eyes, watering and dryness. Medicos reason this to 'Dry Eye Syndrome'. Every 4 in 10 people are affected by such air conditioning, said Dr Soundari, Head Medical Services, Dr Agarwal's Eye Hospital. Under such conditions, the air becomes extremely dry and even for those with normal tear production may feel discomfort in the eyes.
National Health Protection Scheme: HealthMin meets insurers to chalk out a roadmap
The government and the insurers on Thursday kicked off the process for the roll-out of the National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS). The Ministry of Health met the general insurers and state-owned reinsurer GIC Re in New Delhi to prepare the road-map for the world' s largest health insurance scheme, which is likely to be expanded at a later stage. As it's a unique scheme to be implemented on a mass scale, insurers are keen that they shouldn't end up making huge losses.
Neuroscientists discover a brain signal that indicates whether speech has been understood
Neuroscientists from Trinity College Dublin and the University of Rochester have identified a specific brain signal associated with the conversion of speech into understanding. The signal is present when the listener has understood what they have heard, but it is absent when they either did not understand, or weren't paying attention. To discover this, the researchers began by exploiting state-of-the-art techniques that allow modern computers and smartphones to understand speech.
Young men's drinking tied to later liver disease risk
After an average follow-up of almost 38 years, a total of 383 men were diagnosed with severe liver disease, including 208 who died. Each daily gram of alcohol men typically consumed in their youth was associated with a 2 percent increase in the risk of severe liver disease, even after researchers accounted for other independent risk factors for liver damage like obesity, smoking and cardiovascular disease.
Corporate connect to find jobs for youth with disability
Youth4Jobs (Y4J), a not for profit organisation which trains and places differently abled graduates in corporate companies, is organising 'Able+ Corporate Connect' a sensitisation programme for representatives of 70 companies from Andhra Pradesh in the city on Friday. The programme would be organised in association with the AP Information Technology Academy (APITA) and Axis Bank. Through the Corporate Connect programme, the companies would be exposed to the abilities of the youth whose performance is on par with any other youth.
How too much TV could kill you
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is estimated to affect between 300,000 and 600,000 adults in the United States each year. DVT occurs when a blood clot forms in deep veins, most commonly in those of the legs. Around 10-30 percent of adults in the US die within 1 month of being diagnosed with DVT or PE. In 2016, a study published in the journal Circulation associated too much time in front of the TV with a greater risk of PE in men from Japan.
Experts challenge claims about medical marijuana's impact on teen recreational use and opioid deaths
Opponents of medical marijuana argue that such laws increase recreational marijuana use among adolescents, while advocates contend that medical marijuana helps to address the US opioid crisis by reducing overdose deaths. Results of the meta-analysis indicate that no significant changes occurred in adolescent recreational use following enactment of medical marijuana laws. For now, there appears to be no basis for the argument that legalising medical marijuana increases teens' use of the drug.
New immune system regulator discovered
Academy Professor Riitta Lahesmaa's research group from Turku Centre for Biotechnology of the University of Turku and bo Akademi University, Finland, has discovered a new regulator of the immune system, a key factor that controls development of regulatory T cells. The discovery provides basis for new strategies for the treatment of both cancer and immune-mediated diseases. The majority of T cells boost the immune response enhancing the ability to destroy cancer cells, viruses and bacteria.
Histology in 3-D: New staining method enables Nano-CT imaging of tissue samples
To date, examining patient tissue samples has meant cutting them into thin slices for histological analysis. This allows specialists to investigate three-dimensional tissue samples using the Nano-CT system also recently developed at TUM. As the name implies, it entails cutting samples of body tissue into thin slices, then staining them and examining them under a microscope. Medical professionals have long dreamt of the possibility of examining the entire, three-dimensional tissue sample and not just the individual slices.
Researchers develop process producing cell-sized lipid vesicles for cell-cell synaptic therapies
A report detailing this latest development was published in the December 2017 issue of the journal TECHNOLOGY. Unfortunately, the use of CLVs in such areas has been limited to research and laboratory work. Producing uninform cell-sized, unilamellar lipid vesicles requires microfluidic technology, as common place bulk methods such as gentle hydration and electroswelling typically form heterogeneous populations of unilamellar and multi-lamellar vesicles, with little control over size or material encapsulation.
New symmetry-breaking method opens way for bioactive compounds
This phenomenon of symmetry is called chirality, and can give mirror counterparts (enantiomers) entirely different chemical properties. A famous and tragic example of chirality is thalidomide, which was originally sold as a mixture of both enantiomers. The problem was that one was a harmless sedative and the other highly toxic to fetuses, resulting in disturbing congenital deformities. Second, the researchers engineered a new copper catalyst that can form an enantiomer of the desired product with high selectivity.
Self-compassion may protect perfectionists from getting depressed
Self-compassion seems to offer the opportunity to manage these perfectionism beliefs and not fall into the depression trap. Among people with high levels of self-compassion, the link between perfectionism and depression was decoupled, they report. Perfectionism, depression and self-compassion are all correlated with one another, but the direction and influence of the effects is unclear, she added. It could be that depression leads people to be more perfectionistic or maybe people who are perfectionists have lower self-compassion, Chen said in a telephone interview.
Depression may reduce arginine levels in your body
People with major depressive disorder (MDD) have lower levels of naturally occurring arginine in their body than their non-depressed controls, a study has found. Arginine - an amino acid which the body uses to produce nitric oxide - is a nervous system and immune defence mediator, which also plays a role in vascular regulation. Although our study shows that people with depression have reduced arginine bioavailability, this doesn't mean that taking an arginine supplement would protect against depression.
What to know about gas pain in the chest
Gas pain in the chest is usually not a cause for concern, though it can lead to pressure or discomfort. People often describe gas pain in the chest as a tightness or discomfort in the chest area. Swallowing too much air can cause a buildup of gas in the gastrointestinal tract, which can lead to gas pain in the chest or abdomen. There are many causes of gas pain in the chest, and many treatments or home remedies that may help relieve the feeling.
10 Amazing Nutrition Facts About Pears
Pears are sweet, crispy and delicious fruits which are juicy on the inside. Pears are widely popular in the whole of northern hemisphere due to their unique nutrient qualities. There are many kinds of pears, the most common ones are Asian pears. Asian pears have a crispy texture and a firm consistency and are green in colour. They contain phytonutrients which are anti-cancer polyphenols, anti-ageing flavonoids and anti-inflammatory flavonoids that reduce constipation, high cholesterol, diabetes and kidney stones.

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