Significant emission reductions are required if we are to achieve one of the key goals of the Paris Agreement, and limit the increase in global average temperatures to 1.5degC; a new Oxford University partnership warns. In all cases the level of emissions and warming to date were taken into account. The 5th Assessment did not specifically address the implications of the very ambitious 1.5degC goal using multiple lines of evidence as we do here.
A black dot on a third-century Indian manuscript has been identified by Oxford University as the first recorded use of the mathematical symbol for zero, 500 years earlier than previously thought. The birch bark scroll is known as the Bakhshali manuscript after the village, which is now in Pakistan, where it was found buried in 1881. The text was in fact found to contain hundreds of zeroes, representing orders of magnitude in the ancient Indian numbers system.
A grand jury has indicted an ex-Northwestern University professor and an Oxford University employee on first-degree murder charges in the July stabbing death of a hairstylist in the professor's Chicago apartment. The Cook County grand jury indictment was announced at a hearing for Wyndham Lathem and Oxford financial official Andrew Warren on Friday afternoon. The indictment has been expected since the two men were arrested in California last month.
The origin of the concept of zero or sunya has been traced an ancient Indian Bakhshali manuscript. This makes the Bakhshali manuscript world's oldest recorded origin of the zero symbol. The Bakhshali manuscript is an ancient Indian mathematical manuscript written on more than 70 leaves of birch bark, found in 1881. It is in an ancient form of Sanskrit and has been at the Oxford University since 1902.
Experiments carried out at Oxford University have revealed that tectonic plates are weaker than previously thought. For plate tectonics to work, plates must be able to break to form new plate boundaries. Significant effort has gone into measuring the strength of the key olivine-rich rocks that make up plates using laboratory experiments. Unfortunately, those estimates of rock strength have been significantly greater than the apparent strength of plates as observed on Earth.
Different genes affect educational attainment and fertility in different times and places, according to new research from the University of Oxford. Scientists regularly make use of genome-wide association studies (GWAS), which isolate genes linked to certain outcomes. When it comes to human behaviour, such as having children or succeeding in education, it can be more difficult to determine the influence of genes compared to other external factors.