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Earth BioGenome Project aims to sequence DNA from all complex life on Earth
Lewin sees the Earth BioGenome Project as providing even greater opportunities for generating scientific and societal benefits. The attendees at the 2015 meeting decided that an even more ambitious project was needed to advance biology, one that would sequence DNA from all complex life on Earth. The Earth BioGenome Project will give us insight into the history and diversity of life and help us better understand how to conserve it, Robinson said.
Fight against Zika, dengue get boost from reliable spread of bacteria
A Vanderbilt team took the next leap forward in using a little-known bacteria to stop the spread of deadly mosquito-borne viruses such as Zika and dengue. Wolbachia are bacteria that occur widely in insects and, once they do, inhibit certain pathogenic viruses the insects carry. The problem with using Wolbachia broadly to protect humans is that the bacteria do not normally occur in mosquitoes that transmit Zika and dengue.
Swirling liquids work similarly to bitcoin
Fluid dynamics is not something that typically comes to mind when thinking about bitcoin. Tangible transformations Cryptocurrencies like bitcoin work in mysterious ways on purpose. As a physicist, Gilpin said he saw similarities between the way hash functions work and the physical laws involved with stirring a liquid. When he's not connecting the digital and physical fields, he studies the way fluids work in nature with Manu Prakash, an assistant professor of bioengineering.
CRISPR used to genetically edit coral, researchers report
Coral reefs on the precipice of collapse may get a conservation boost from the gene-editing tool known as CRISPR, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and their collaborators. We want to use CRISPR-Cas9 with the express interest to start understanding what genes are critical to coral biology, Cleves said. Spawning by moonlight Corals pose a bit of a problem when it comes to CRISPR because of their spawning cycles.
Applying network analysis to natural history: Technique popularized through social media ranks impact of extinctions
A team of researchers is using network analysis techniques - popularized through social media applications - to find patterns in Earth's natural history, as detailed in a paper published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Recent work on network analysis of mineralogical data has also been published in American Mineralogist and the International Journal of Geo-Information.
Fear of losing status, not economic hardship, drove voters in 2016 presidential election
As in previous elections, most voters in 2016 simply supported the candidate of the same party that they voted for in 2012. The key to understanding the 2016 outcome lies in what changed from 2012 to 2016 that predicted changing vote choice. Many of those Americans, Mutz found, switched from voting for the Democrat in 2012 to the Republican in 2016.
Carbon capture could be a financial opportunity for US biofuels
Researchers at Stanford and other institutions have found new hope for cost-effective carbon capture and sequestration (CCS). While it seems straightforward, these technologies - known as bioenergy with carbon capture and sequestration, or BECCS - have not been fully developed and many areas don't have geology that's suitable for storing CO 2. This is an opportunity not only for biofuel producers to make profits, but also for CCS technology to be more widely piloted and developed.
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Here's a glimpse into one such burn in April 2017 and the life that sprung up a few weeks later. For most of February and March, all I'm doing is putting in fire breaks - mowing, cutting dead trees, Mr Semel said. To understand which species go together, Mr Kleiman consults Plants of the Chicago Region, which catalogs some 3,000 plants. Come autumn, Mr Kleiman and his colleagues will disperse their seed mixes, embedding their hopes for the future into the soil.
The Amazon's solar-powered river bus
This ritual, known as guayusada, is designed to purge and energise and culminates in a sharing of dreams from the night. It was during one of these ceremonies more than half a century ago that a dream was shared of a canoe of fire. The canoe costs passengers just $1 (71p) each per stop, whereas peque peques cost $5-10 in gasoline for the same journey.
Noxious gas found on planet Uranus
Hydrogen sulphide, the gas associated with the smell of rotten eggs, is swirling around the atmosphere of the seventh planet, Uranus. Despite previous observations by ground telescopes and the Voyager 2 spacecraft, the composition of Uranus' atmosphere had remained unclear. Bands in the resulting spectrum known as absorption lines, where the gas absorbs infrared light coming from the Sun, allowed the scientists to fingerprint components of Uranus' atmosphere.
Neutrons provide insights into increased performance for hybrid perovskite solar cells
Neutron scattering has revealed, in real time, the fundamental mechanisms behind the conversion of sunlight into energy in hybrid perovskite materials. A better understanding of this behavior will enable manufacturers to design solar cells with increased efficiency. Hybrid perovskites hold promise to be more efficient in converting light into energy than traditional solar cell materials. Unlike their singular silicon or germanium counterparts, hybrid perovskites are made of both organic and inorganic molecules.
Europe poised to launch ocean-monitoring satellite
Europe is set to launch a satellite on Wednesday to keep a close eye on Earth's oceans, under siege from pollution and damage caused by humans. Dubbed Sentinel-3B, the orbiter will become the seventh to join the multi-billion-euro Copernicus Earth monitoring satellite constellation since April 2014. It claims to be the largest environmental-monitoring programme in the world, providing data for free to anyone who wants it.
EU probes Apple plan to buy music app Shazam
The EU on Monday launched an in-depth probe of tech giant Apple's plan to buy leading song-recognition app Shazam because of fears the deal may reduce choice for consumers. The Commission is concerned that the merger could reduce choice for users of music streaming services, it said in a statement. In addition, the EU will also investigate whether Apple Music's competitors would be harmed if Apple were to discontinue links from the Shazam app to rivals.
New control strategy helps reap maximum power from wind farms
The growing power of computers allows Leonardi and his team to accurately model the wind field on a wind farm and the power production of each single turbine. Understanding how turbulence impacts energy generation is important to adjust the behavior of the turbines in real-time to reap maximum power. Using their modeling capabilities, they tested control algorithms that are used to manage the operation of dynamic systems at wind farms.
Scientists identify genetic catalysts that speed up evolution of antibiotic resistance
Researchers at Oxford University have shown that it is possible to identify genetic catalysts that accelerate the evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria-and that this knowledge could be used to design treatments to stifle the development of resistance. AmpR is a master regulatory gene that switches the expression of hundreds of other genes on and off, including genes involved in antibiotic resistance. Put simply, species that carry the ampR gene evolve resistance at a higher rate than species that lack this gene.
Researchers invent nano-coating for synthetic leather that cleans itself-and won't get sticky on a hot day
Now, in the journal Colloids and Surfaces A, they report that they found a way to adapt the same nature-inspired coating to plastic-based synthetic leather. Both water and oil roll off the coating, which keeps the leather-like surface from getting sticky up to temperatures of 70 degrees Celsius. Today, the market for synthetic leather is growing because it's less expensive and easier to work with. Synthetic leather is made from fabric coated with plastic, usually polyurethane (PU) or polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
Yale plays quantum catch in new research
Yale's latest work expanding the reach of quantum information science is actually a game of quantum pitch and catch. Yale researchers are at the forefront of efforts to develop the first fully useful quantum computers, and have done pioneering work in quantum computing with superconducting circuits. Much of the research in our lab and at the Yale Quantum Institute focuses on how to take advantage of cavity modes for quantum information processing, Axline said.
Face recognition for galaxies: Artificial intelligence brings new tools to astronomy
The results showed a remarkable level of consistency in the neural network's classifications of simulated and real galaxies. Galaxies are complex phenomena, changing their appearance as they evolve over billions of years, and images of galaxies can provide only snapshots in time. Comparing simulated galaxies to observed galaxies can reveal important details of the actual galaxies and their likely histories. Deep learning and other machine learning methods could be powerful tools for making sense of these massive datasets.
Galaxies grow bigger and puffier as they age: study
A new international study involving The Australian National University (ANU) and The University of Sydney has found that galaxies grow bigger and puffier as they age. Co-author Dr Nicholas Scott, from the University of Sydney and ASTRO 3D, said scientists measured a galaxy's age through colour. When we plotted how ordered the galaxies were against how squashed they were, the relationship with age leapt out. Galaxies that have the same squashed spherical shape, have stars of the same age as well.
'Whole Again': A Vet Maimed by an I.E.D. Receives a Transplanted Penis
The surgery, performed last month at Johns Hopkins Hospital, was the most complex and extensive penis transplant to date, and the first performed on a combat veteran maimed by a blast. This latest operation transplanted a single piece of tissue that measured 10 inches by 11 inches and weighed four or five pounds. That injury, I felt like it banished me from a relationship, he said in an interview last week.

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